Modern theories of which means often culminate in a critique of technology. This publication offers a research of human intelligence starting with a semantic idea and top right into a critique of music.
By implication it units up a conception of all of the arts; the transference of its simple innovations to different arts than song isn't really built, however it is sketched, ordinarily within the bankruptcy on inventive import. considerate readers of the unique variation came upon those far-reaching principles speedy sufficient because the profession of the publication exhibits: it's as appropriate to literature, artwork and song as to the sphere of philosophy itself.
The subject matters it bargains with are many: language, sacrament, fantasy, tune, abstraction, truth, knowledge--to identify in simple terms the most ones. yet via all of them is going the significant subject matter, symbolic transformation because the crucial task of human minds. This imperative concept, emphasizing because it does the thought of symbolism, brings Mrs. Langer's booklet into line with the existing curiosity in semantics. All profound problems with our age appear to focus on the elemental ideas of symbolism and that means. The formative, inventive, articulating energy of symbols is the tonic chord which thinkers of all colleges and plenty of assorted fields are unmistakably extraordinary; the outstanding, far-reaching implications of this new primary notion represent what Mrs. Langer has referred to as "philosophy in a brand new key."
Mrs. Langer's e-book brings the dialogue of symbolism right into a wider common use than feedback of observe that means. Her quantity is full of life, powerful, and good written and may attract everybody attracted to the modern difficulties of philosophy.
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Additional info for Philosophy in a New Key: A Study in the Symbolism of Reason, Rite, and Art
That's the primordial job of a religion. And although or not it's metaphorical and symbolical, it's not accordingly " Op. cit. (Paris, 1912), p. 189. "Ibid. , p. 270. " Ibid. , pp. 315-318. LIFE-SYMBOLS: THE ROOTS OF SACRAMENT one hundred thirty five unfaithful. to the contrary, it conveys allr that's crucial within the relatives it claims to painting. . . . " i- > "The believer isn't deceiving himself whilst he places his religion within the lifestyles of an ethical efficiency, on which he's established, and to which he owes his best part; this energy exists, it truly is Society. . . . without doubt, he's incorrect while he believes that the enhancement of his important power is the paintings of a Being that appears like an animal or a plant. yet his mistakes lies simply within the literal interpreting of the emblem wherein this Being is gifted to his brain, the exterior point below which his mind's eye conveys it, and doesn't contact the very fact of its lifestyles. in the back of those figures and metaphors, even though gross or sophisticated they are. there lies a concrete and dwelling truth. " 10 From such primitive sacramentalism to a true theology, a trust in Olympians who lie on beds of asphodel, or in a heavenly Jerusalem the place a triune God sits enthroned, could seem up to now a decision that one may perhaps incline to doubt no matter if human mind's eye may have handed consistently from one to the opposite. The mentalities of Australian aborigines and of ecu worshipers, old and glossy, seem to be simply worlds aside; the Sacred Emu doesn't supply any promise of a destiny Zeus, nor does a lizard in a cave seem to foreshadow the Christian God of affection. but after we hint the histories of such excessive divinities again to their antecedents in prior a long time, there's an incredible kinship among these antecedents and the neighborhood deities of Australian, African, or American savages. we haven't any proof that real totemism ever existed in Europe; yet of animal cults we now have convincing evidence. success has it that essentially the most civilized religions of all time, specifically the Greek, has inscribed the total process its evolution for us at the locations the place it flourished—on the temples and families, cemeteries and libraries that inform the tale of Hellas from its sunrise to its gradual destruction; and classical student with persistence and perception has traced that evolution from its earliest recoverable stages to its final decadent varieties. For, as Professor Gilbert Murray has acknowledged, "In this division as in others, old Greece has the successful if tragic contrast of starting on the very backside and suffering, even though precariously, to the very summits. there's rarely any horror of primitive superstition of which we won't locate a few far away strains in our Greek list. there's infrequently any peak of religious concept attained on this planet that has no longer its 10 Ibid. , p. 323. "/iid. , p. 322. 136 PHILOSOPHY IN a brand new KEY archetype or its echo within the stretch of Greek literature that lies among Thales and Plotinus. . . . " 1T the coed to whom we're such a lot indebted for a really coherent photo of non secular origins is Jane Harrison, whose Prolegomena to the examine of Greek faith units forth with all aspect the evolution of Olympian and Christian divinities from their humble, zoolatrous beginnings in tombs and snakeholes and chimney-corners.